v ANOVA F-value For Feature Selection - Machine Learning

ANOVA F-value For Feature Selection

If the features are categorical, calculate a chi-square (\(\chi^{2}\)) statistic between each feature and the target vector. However, if the features are quantitative, compute the ANOVA F-value between each feature and the target vector.

The F-value scores examine if, when we group the numerical feature by the target vector, the means for each group are significantly different.

Preliminaries

# Load libraries
from sklearn.datasets import load_iris
from sklearn.feature_selection import SelectKBest
from sklearn.feature_selection import f_classif

Load Data

# Load iris data
iris = load_iris()

# Create features and target
X = iris.data
y = iris.target

Select Features With Best ANOVA F-Values

# Create an SelectKBest object to select features with two best ANOVA F-Values
fvalue_selector = SelectKBest(f_classif, k=2)

# Apply the SelectKBest object to the features and target
X_kbest = fvalue_selector.fit_transform(X, y)

View Results

# Show results
print('Original number of features:', X.shape[1])
print('Reduced number of features:', X_kbest.shape[1])
Original number of features: 4
Reduced number of features: 2