v Plot The Validation Curve - Machine Learning

Plot The Validation Curve

Preliminaries

```# Load libraries
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
from sklearn.ensemble import RandomForestClassifier
from sklearn.model_selection import validation_curve
```

```# Load data

# Create feature matrix and target vector
X, y = digits.data, digits.target
```

Plot Validation Curve

```# Create range of values for parameter
param_range = np.arange(1, 250, 2)

# Calculate accuracy on training and test set using range of parameter values
train_scores, test_scores = validation_curve(RandomForestClassifier(),
X,
y,
param_name="n_estimators",
param_range=param_range,
cv=3,
scoring="accuracy",
n_jobs=-1)

# Calculate mean and standard deviation for training set scores
train_mean = np.mean(train_scores, axis=1)
train_std = np.std(train_scores, axis=1)

# Calculate mean and standard deviation for test set scores
test_mean = np.mean(test_scores, axis=1)
test_std = np.std(test_scores, axis=1)

# Plot mean accuracy scores for training and test sets
plt.plot(param_range, train_mean, label="Training score", color="black")
plt.plot(param_range, test_mean, label="Cross-validation score", color="dimgrey")

# Plot accurancy bands for training and test sets
plt.fill_between(param_range, train_mean - train_std, train_mean + train_std, color="gray")
plt.fill_between(param_range, test_mean - test_std, test_mean + test_std, color="gainsboro")

# Create plot
plt.title("Validation Curve With Random Forest")
plt.xlabel("Number Of Trees")
plt.ylabel("Accuracy Score")
plt.tight_layout()
plt.legend(loc="best")
plt.show()
```