v Selecting The Best Number Of Components For TSVD - Machine Learning

Selecting The Best Number Of Components For TSVD


# Load libraries
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler
from sklearn.decomposition import TruncatedSVD
from scipy.sparse import csr_matrix
from sklearn import datasets
import numpy as np

Load Digits Data And Make Sparse

# Load the data
digits = datasets.load_digits()

# Standardize the feature matrix
X = StandardScaler().fit_transform(digits.data)

# Make sparse matrix
X_sparse = csr_matrix(X)

Run Truncated Singular Value Decomposition

# Create and run an TSVD with one less than number of features
tsvd = TruncatedSVD(n_components=X_sparse.shape[1]-1)
X_tsvd = tsvd.fit(X)

Create List Of Explained Variances

# List of explained variances
tsvd_var_ratios = tsvd.explained_variance_ratio_

Create Function Calculating Number Of Components Required To Pass Threshold

# Create a function
def select_n_components(var_ratio, goal_var: float) -> int:
    # Set initial variance explained so far
    total_variance = 0.0

    # Set initial number of features
    n_components = 0

    # For the explained variance of each feature:
    for explained_variance in var_ratio:

        # Add the explained variance to the total
        total_variance += explained_variance

        # Add one to the number of components
        n_components += 1

        # If we reach our goal level of explained variance
        if total_variance >= goal_var:
            # End the loop

    # Return the number of components
    return n_components

Run Function

# Run function
select_n_components(tsvd_var_ratios, 0.95)